In many Jacksonville Florida criminal cases, the State Attorney must prove possession. Examples of “possession” crimes are possession of marijuana, cocaine, or other controlled substances. There is also possession of a firearm by a convicted felon. Possession can be actual or constructive.
Actual Possession occurs when the Defendant has the item in his hand or on his person, the item is in a container in his hand or on his person, or the object is so close as to be within ready reach and is under the control of the person. Constructive Possession means that the object is in a place that the Defendant has control or in which he has concealed it.
In most criminal “possession” cases, constructive possession is easier to negate. Just because the Defendant is close to the item, this does not mean that he was in possession of it. You must look at the circumstances surrounding the situation to determine if there is constructive possession.